Aquaponics farming is the perfect system by mixing hydroponics with aquaculture, to produce a thing that has the best of the two methods. An aquaponics system is the answer to a fish farmer’s problem of disposing of nutrient rich water and a hydroponic grower’s need for nutrient rich water. Basically, aquaponics mimics every natural waterway on earth. It is used to grow food crops in a concentrated, yet sustainable manner.
The key to an aquaponics system is fish food. The fish consume the food and excrete waste. Over than 50% of the waste produced by fish is in the form of ammonia secreted in the urine and, in
small quantities, through the gills. to remove any buildup of minerals and vitamins that after a while can become poisonous, after which it redistributes it to the irrigation system of plants. The place is completely controlled, which allows enough heat and lighting consistently. Liquids undergo a filtration procedure, which is usually created from a little volcanic stone, which is extremely porous. The remainder of the waste, excreted as fecal matter, undergoes a process called
mineralization which occurs when heterotrophic bacteria consume fish waste, decaying plant matter and un-eaten food, converting all three to ammonia and other compounds. At certain levels this can be incredibly harmful to the environment of plants and fish.
Nitrifying bacteria, which naturally is produced in the soil, water and air, convert ammonia first to nitrite and then to nitrate which plants consume. In an aquaponic system the heterotrophic and nitrifying bacteria will attach to the tank walls, underside of the rafts, organic matter, the growing medium (if used) and in the water column.
The beneficial bacteria discussed here are natural and will inhabit an aquaponic system as soon as
ammonia and nitrite creating an effective and sustainable growth for a very long time.
Essentially, you have three elements to keep alive in aquaponics; the fish, the plants and the beneficial bacteria.
These three living entities each rely on the other to live. The bacteria consume the fish waste keeping the water clean for the fish. In the process, the bacteria provide the plants with a usable form of
nutrients. In removing these nutrients through plant growth, the plants help to clean the water the fish live in.
There is no need to add more water in aquaponics, except a small amount for general evaporation, which can usually be done weekly. No need to add any chemicals to the system, it’s a stand-alone product. Even the power of the pump is usually accumulated from the solar panel, which can be installed, which makes it completely self-contained, with a small addition of additional necessary fluids.
Together, all this can make an amazing backyard aquaponics system that create a product of organic, healthful fish and vegetables. From a nutritional standpoint, aquaponics provides food in the form of both protein (from the fish) and vegetables.
Aquaponics is the best that is suitable for all agricultural needs on a small scale like small backyards, on roof tops and small gardens.. This is a very affordable form since there are not a lot of fixed expenses to worry about.
To get more information about how aquaponics works, click the link.
- How To Set Up A Backyard Aquaponics System In 2017
- What is Aquaponics and how does it work in 2017?
- Growing Aquaponic Vegetables: What to Plant & How to Grow with Aquaponics
- Basic Aquaponics Supplies And Tools At Home
- What Plants Can Be Grown in an Aquaponics System?
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